Installing Ubuntu, a popular Linux distribution, is a straightforward process. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through each step of the installation, ensuring a successful setup of Ubuntu on your computer. This guide is designed for beginners and covers both the installation and post-installation steps.
Before you begin the installation, it’s essential to prepare the necessary tools and back up any important data on your computer.
Visit the official Ubuntu website (https://ubuntu.com/download) to download the version of Ubuntu you want to install. You can choose between the Long-Term Support (LTS) version or the latest release, depending on your preference.
Create Bootable Media:
To install Ubuntu, you’ll need bootable media. You can use either a USB flash drive (with at least 4GB of storage) or a blank DVD.
USB Drive: If you’re using a USB drive, download a tool like Rufus (for Windows) or Etcher (available for Windows, macOS, and Linux) to create a bootable USB drive from the downloaded Ubuntu ISO file. Follow the instructions provided by the tool to create the bootable USB drive.
DVD: If you’re using a blank DVD, use your preferred DVD burning software to create a bootable DVD from the downloaded Ubuntu ISO file.
Now that you have your bootable media ready, it’s time to proceed with the installation of Ubuntu.
Insert Bootable Media:
Insert the bootable USB drive or DVD into your computer’s USB port or DVD drive.
Boot from USB/DVD:
To boot from the installation media, you’ll need to access the BIOS or UEFI settings of your computer. The key to access these settings varies by manufacturer (common keys include F2, F12, ESC, or DEL). Once in the BIOS or UEFI settings, set the boot order to prioritize the USB drive or DVD drive, ensuring that your computer boots from the installation media.
When your computer boots from the installation media, you’ll be presented with the Ubuntu installation screen.
Select your preferred language and click “Install Ubuntu.”
Choose your keyboard layout and click “Continue.”
You’ll have the option to connect to Wi-Fi during the installation. Additionally, you can choose to install updates and third-party software (such as graphics drivers) by checking the respective boxes.
Select Installation Type:
You’ll be presented with options for installation:
Normal Installation: This option is suitable if you want to replace your current operating system with Ubuntu. Be cautious as it will erase your existing data.
Dual Boot Installation: If you want to keep your current operating system alongside Ubuntu, choose this option. Dual booting allows you to select your preferred OS at startup.
If you chose a “Normal Installation,” you’ll need to decide how to allocate disk space. You can either use the entire disk, which will erase all existing data, or manually create partitions for Ubuntu.
If you’re new to Ubuntu, select “Erase disk and install Ubuntu” for a simple setup. Ensure you have a backup of any important data before proceeding.
Set Time Zone and User Account:
Select your time zone from the provided list.
Create a user account by entering your name, username, and password. You’ll also set your computer’s hostname (name).
Review your installation settings carefully to ensure they are accurate.
When you’re ready to proceed, click “Install.”
The installation process will commence. This may take some time depending on your system’s specifications and internet connection.
After the installation is complete, you’ll be prompted to remove the installation media (USB drive or DVD) and press Enter to reboot your computer.
Upon reboot, your computer will load into Ubuntu. You’ll be presented with a login screen.
Log in with the username and password you created during the installation.
With Ubuntu installed, there are a few additional steps to ensure a smooth experience:
Open the Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and run the following commands to update your system and software:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
Install Additional Software:
Use the Ubuntu Software Center to explore and install additional software and applications as needed. You can search for software by name or category.
That’s it! You’ve successfully installed Ubuntu on your computer. You can now explore the Ubuntu desktop environment, customize it to your preferences, and enjoy the benefits of a powerful, open-source operating system. Ubuntu provides access to a wide range of software and tools, making it suitable for various tasks and user needs.
Feel free to explore Ubuntu’s Software Center to discover and install applications that suit your requirements. Additionally, you can access various resources and communities online to further enhance your Ubuntu experience and troubleshoot any issues you may encounter.
Congratulations on your Ubuntu installation! Enjoy your journey into the world of Linux and open-source computing.